Museum was founded in 1939, when this building was first held an exhibition devoted to the 500th anniversary of the outstanding thinker and an unrivaled Oriental poet Alisher Navoi. And in 1947 on the basis of the exhibition was officially founded Museum of Literature.
In 1958, the Museum of Literature was referred to the leadership of the Institute of Language and Literature of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan.
On November 18, 1967 according to a government decision “About the Museum of Literature of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan” museum acquired the status of scientific and educational institutions of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. His supervisor was appointed to Professor Hamid Sulaymanov.
In 1976, on the basis of the museum was established Institute of Manuscripts, the museum at this time continued working as its department.
On September 13, 1989 decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan and the Uzbek SSR Council of Ministers Literature, the museum was transformed into a scientific and cultural institution.
Since acquisition of independence on 31 May 1991 according to the adopted by the President of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan decision, the museum of Literature was removed out from the Institute of Manuscripts.
Since its introduction to the present day on the territory of Uzbekistan, the museum building has already managed to become a real historical architectural landmark heritage of the Uzbek people. Today, it is a member of the ICOM International Council of Museums.
Nowadays, the museum displays more than 17,000 diverse in style of the art, portraits, paintings, unique archaeological sites, samples of applied arts. In the museum there are departments that conduct research on the history of Uzbek literature. Each of these sections explores the rich spiritual heritage of the people on the basis of extant manuscripts and archives of the fund. They are regularly published in the collection of articles entitled “Adabiyoti kozgusi.” The employees of the museum was unified base of manuscripts and short films on the basis of the scientific trips and expeditions, which at one time were carried out on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan and beyond.
In addition to the fund of manuscripts, the museum contains a collection of lithographic books, which is regularly updated. This collection consists of more than 65,000 documents, which tell about the life and works of writers of Uzbekistan living in the country since the beginning of the XIX century to the present time.
Currently, the Museum of Literature Alisher Navoi performs researches with foreign institutions, libraries and museums with a lot of the exhibits and calligraphic works. It is interesting that the last time this joint work in the collections of international museums found a lot of manuscripts leaders of Uzbek classical literature
In the vast halls of the museum visitors can see the interesting and great literary heritage of Alisher Navoi, Babur, Furqat, Nadira, Uvaysi and many poets and writers, whose works are unique for centuries by calligraphers copied and passed from generation to generation in the form of manuscripts.
Currently, these manuscripts and documentary materials are the adornment of the Museum of Literature. There are a lot of the exhibits and calligraphic works. As you know, calligraphy and miniature painting in conjunction with the decoration of manuscript monuments gave unsurpassed masterpieces, original works of art. In these rooms exhibited the largest representatives of the Herat school age Navoi, peace, Hiravi, Sultanali Mashhad, Abdul Jamil Katib and contemporary famous miniaturists and painters such as Ch.Ahmarov, N.Voronsky, T.Sadullaev, and many others.
The collections of the Museum of Literature, visitors can see the works of famous artists such as the Republic N.Kuzybaev, Zh.Umarbaev, F.Saydalieva, K.Basharov, T.Zhamoliddinov, V.Evenko, A. Mahotin, O. Azizov, R. Avakian, V. Nechayev. A great place in a museum devoted to displaying exhibits covering the literature of the modern period and the literary process of the fraternal peoples. Recently, was opened a memorial room of Korean writer Cho Min-hee. Now the Museum of Literature is developing long-range plan of the deployment of the exposure as a whole.
Already has created the exposition that dedicated to the life and works of poets and writers of the 20s (Behbudi, Fitrat, Elbek, Hamza). The museum has published dozens of souvenir publications in Uzbek and Russian languages in the series “The Legacy of the classics of the East”, covering a wide range of literature of the Uzbek people, as well as the Tajik-Persian, Azeri, Turkmen, Karakalpakstan and Uyghur people. Among them, the poetry of Ibn Sina, khofiz Khwarizmi, Alisher Navoi, Babur, Mashraba Nodira, Uvaysi, Ogahi, Furqat, Omar Khayyam, Khosrow Dehlavi, Saadi Sheraz, Abdurrahman Jami, Nizami, Fuzuli, Magtymguly Berdakh Bilal Nasim and others.
The museum also conducts the scientific literature, scientific and organizational activities. During scientific expeditions abroad by scientists of the museum was seen a lot of manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, Uzbek and Azerbaijani languages, 41 manuscripts was microfilmed and photographed over a thousand color slides of the samples portrait and miniature painting in the East.
Were discovered and introduced to the academic community works Haidar Khwarizmi “Gulshan Asror” and, Lutfi “Gul wa Nowruz” Durbek “Yusuf and Zulaikha”, “sofa” Zebunisabegim, “Kasida” poet Badr Chachi, “sofa” poetry of Babur’s son Kamron Mirza.
The result of the organizational activities of the museum was the creation of the house-museum of Hamid Olimdjan in Jizzak, Literary Museum in Andijan, and the house-museum S.Ayni in Samarkand.
The departments function in museum: “Uzbek literature of the ancient period,” “Study of the life and work of Alisher Navoi”, “Literature XVI-XX centuries”, “department of the exposition,” “Modern Literature and Folklore.”
In order to implement of the Law about State Language museum has created educational center “Talim” designed to implement the promotion of the rich literary heritage of the East.
There are great challenges for the team of the Museum of Literature named after Alisher Navoi. Its major challenge for the coming years the museum considers the opening of halls “Literature of the ancient period,” “Literature Middle Ages” and” Literature in the period of independence”
Address: 100011, Tashkent, Navoi street, 69
Telephone: (+99871) 242-02-75, 241-02-75, 244-12-68
Fax: (+99871) 244-00-61