At the beginning of August 2018, in the Vakhshivor and Buston makhallas of the Altynsay district in the Surkhan-Darya region, a big festival was celebrated. Bakhshi festival dedicated to ethnic poetry and song. The best akyns (ethnic songers) and songwriters gathered these days to celebrate the harvest festival of fruits and pay tribute to our nature. The grape became the main character of the festival – after all, this juicy and very healthy fruit ripens in August.
Rizamat, Husayni, Soyaki, Kishmish, Charos, Kara-Palvan, Nutmeg – the eyes just run from the abundance of grapes. Each of the varieties requires certain climatic conditions, the position and place of cultivation of the fruit.
Viticulture and winemaking has been developed in Uzbekistan since ancient times.
Researches of scientists in recent years have established that grapes in Central Asia were introduced to the crop about 6 thousand years ago, and that already in those times there was a fairly high technique of winemaking and grapegrowing .
The first mention of viticulture and winemaking in Central Asia appeared in the Avesta – holy book of Zoroastrian. Zoroastrians greatly revered wine. Winemaking was considered a noble cause, and the consumption of wine was an indispensable ritual in all solemn occasions.
The history of the folk and ethnic songs of Bakhshi also come from the pre-Islamic period of traditional folklore. An integral part of a bakhshi is a dutar, a stringed plucked musical instrument with a long neck, two gut or nylon strings, and a pear-shaped resonator. In Bakhshi, a significant place was given to poetic contests.
The second day of the festival of poems Bakhshi was held at the sacred mausoleum of Sufi Ollohyor, an Uzbek poet and philosopher, a representative of Sufi doctrine, and ended with a grape festival at the nearby Yangi Turmush farm.