Andijan – a pearl of the Golden valley
Kind smiles of happy kids and aksakals (old men), tall skullcaps, famous Andijan pilaf of “red” rice, craft shops, shady trees, fields covered with sunflowers and cotton bolls, the smell of spices and melons in the bazaar, minarets and domes of old mosques are all cleverly interwoven with a modern city – big shopping centers, evening walks at musical fountains and hundreds of night lights … All this remains in the memory of those who have ever been here …
The city of Andijan is located in the Fergana Valley, 447 km from Tashkent and is the administrative center of the Andijan region. The city borders with the Fergana and Namangan regions of Uzbekistan. In different periods of history, the city was called: Andukon, Andigon, Andijan, and according to one of the versions the name came from the local clan “Andi”. The population is over 320,000 people.
The climate is sharply continental, in summer the average temperature is + 27, + 28C, in winter -3C. The city is located in a zone of high seismic activity.
A regular flight Tashkent-Andijan-Tashkent has been arranged – such flights as Andijan-Bukhara, Andijan-Urgench, Andijan-Moscow are carried out on the new railway. Andijan Airport is located 7km from the city. There are regular passenger flights on domestic and international (CIS) lines.
The history of the city begins before our era with several caravanserais located on the branch of the Great Silk Road, connecting China with Central Asia.
Andijan was part of the state of the Kushan Khanate (1st century), in the 9-10th centuries, was part of the Samanid state, and in the 14th century entered the empire of Temur.
In the 16th century the city was conquered by the Sheibanids, later becoming part of the Kokand Khanate.
In 1876, Andijan was part of the Russian Empire. In 1941, Andijan became the administrative center of the newly formed Andijan region.
Modern Andijan is one of the most densely populated cities of Uzbekistan.
Andijan is the birthplace of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur – a famous representative of the Timurid dynasty, the founder of the Mughal Empire in India, the commander and poet. Here is still preserved the house of Babur, which is open to visitors. Outside the city, 30 km from Andijan, is located the ancient settlement of Ershi – the capital of the ancient state of Davan.