Shakhrisabz is a city of the Kashkadarya region, located between the tributaries of the Kashkadarya River, 80 km south of Samarkand.
Shakhrisabz – is translated from the Persian language, as a “green city”. It is one of the oldest cities in Uzbekistan, with the age 2700 years.
The city is known as the birthplace of Tamerlane (Timur). Timur was born in the village of Khoja-Ilgar on the outskirts of Shakhrisabz and in the XIV-XIV centuries it was his residence. Even after Timur made his capital Samarkand, he did not forget his native city. Every time, returning from the next campaign, he constantly first visited Shahrisabz, and then, after resting, went to Samarkand. Timur celebrated his victories with great festivities, feasts and the construction of some majestic structure in the cities, most often in Samarkand and Shakhrisabz.
This is one of the few cities in Uzbekistan, where several mausoleums of the Middle Ages are concentrated in complex. One of such complexes is Dorus-Saodat (XIV-XVV.), where the ruins of crypts of Temurids tomb was preserved.
After one of the campaigns Timur ordered to build a huge and unique structure, which was not anywhere in the world, in order to exalt the name of the ruler. In the spring of 1380, local and foreign masters, architects and architects began construction of the Ak-Sarai Palace, which in translation means literally “White” or “Pure” – “Beautiful palace.”
One of the attractions of Shakhrisabz is the Kok-Gumbaz mosque built by grandson of Tamerlane Ulugbek. She came to us in fairly good condition. Its dome is one of the largest in Uzbekistan, with diameter 46 meters.
From civil buildings of the 15th centur the Chorsu shopping center has been preserved, which is now used as a gallery.
Shakhrisabz also has an important transport significance – the Great Uzbek Track passes through it, which repeats the route of the Italian traveler and trader Marco Polo.