A special interest deserves the model of the main tool Ulughbek observatory, the meridian quadrant with which students can learn the processes of astronomical observations made at the observatory of Ulughbek . The museum presentes the model of his famous tables titled “Zidj -e – Kuragoni” meaning the Table of Kuragan, which with remarkable accuracy for that time determined the coordinates of 1018 stars.
The International Scientific Conference on “Ulugbek and his role in the development of the world astronomy,” which brought together scientists from more than 15 countries was held in Samarkand in June 2009. The Mission of Uzbekistan to UNESCO and the Embassy of Uzbekistan in France jointly with the Astronomy Society organized a conference dedicated to the scientific heritage of Ulughbek in November 2009, in Paris.
One section of the museum dedicated to the history of the birth of astronomy in our region which has had a great influence on the development of the science of the world. Among other rarities of the Museum there is a telescope of XVIII century of James Short, renowned English craftsman. The instrument was invented by the famous physicist Isaac Newton. Other unique exhibits are octant (forerunner of the modern sextant) designed by Hadley, the machinist from London by Newton’s idea , and a reflector of the famous English optician Dollond. The marine chronometer invented by London watchmaker XVIII century Garrison is to draw interest of fans of antiques. The master, for his invention, was awarded by the prize established by the British Parliament on the proposal of Newton. Another clock of Amsterdam`s ” Hovyu ” served as a chronometer of Tashkent Observatory from 1873 to 1931. These watches served as a benchmark of time for the Tashkent residents for many decades.
Also included in the exposition are a German telescope of XVIII century, a French telescope of late XIX – early XX century and celestial globe Muhammad Sharif Bukhari XIX century.
The exposition includes inscribed medals of the Pacific Astronomical Society and the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan by which Tashkent scientist Stephen Kozik was awarded for the discovery of two comets in 1936 and 1939.
The museum displays portraits of the greatest astronomers of all the times, the pictures of the planets and stars, as well as major scientific bases of the Astronomical Institute, a unique observatory on Maidanak and Kitab astronomical station.
Modern Uzbek astronomy is well presented in the Museum as well, which leads the study of the Earth, other planets and small bodies of the solar system, star formation , the dynamics of star clusters in our galaxy and beyond – clusters of other galaxies . Jointly with American and German astronomers Uzbek scientists made a sensational world discovery they confirmed the theory of planet formation around the young stars. Research is being conducted using the largest observatories in the world, including the unique local observatory Maidanak located 120 kilometers south of Samarkand.
Astronomical Institute of the Uzbek Academy of Sciences is the oldest scientific institution not only in our country but throughout the Central Asian region. It was founded in 1873 as Tashkent Astronomical Observatory and in 1966 was transformed into the Astronomical Institute.
Apart from the purely scientific research the staff of the Institute is actively engaged in the promotion of science and improving the quality of teaching astronomy. For example, researchers from the Institute commissioned educational astronomical observatory at Samarkand State University (2006), at Andijan State University (2008). The telescope for the National University of Uzbekistan is being assembled currently. There is a rich collection of astronomical instruments used in the past at the Astronomical Institute. These tools witness the development of astronomical science in its history
Astronomical Institute is annually visited by thousands of students of schools , academic lyceums and professional colleges where they get acquainted with the achievements of astronomy the great creations of our ancestors and get first in touch with a research work.
Address: 33 Astronomicheskaya str.
Tel.: (+998 71) 235-81-02