The Pa-yi Kalan (“foot of the Great [minaret]”) is an architectural ensemble centered around the Arslan –khan minaret (1127-1129) and consists of the Friday Mosque Kalan/Kalyan (the foundation of 12th century, it was rebuilt in the 15th century and the beginning of the 16 th century) Mir-I ‘Arab (1527-1536) and the madrasa of amir ‘Alim-khan (1914-1915).
It is located in the heart of shakhristan (or Hissari –I darun/ “Inner City”), Bukhara. At the initiative and the leadership of President Islam Karimov, the complex underwent a major renovation.


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