After obtaining the independence of Republic of Uzbekistan has created a new exhibition, which incorporated the latest research and achievements of historical scholarship from the Stone Age to the present day.
Presented in the exhibition exhibits indicate that Uzbekistan is one of the oldest centers of civilization of the East. The museum also has the rare archival materials, manuscripts, historical documents, photos, etc., which reflect the most important stages in the history of the Uzbek people.
The unique examples of sculpture, painting, ceramics, bronze casting, glass production, funeral cult allow us to appreciate the history of philosophical ideas, religious and aesthetic ideas of different periods.
The struggle of the peoples of Uzbekistan for their independence permeates the whole entire national history, which is reflected in the exposition nature of the museum. It is the most clearly reflected in the materials devoted to the Independence period.
The origin and formation of the old state system brightly exemplifies craft patterns, money and writing. Material and artistic culture of Uzbekistan is displayed in the masterpieces of handicrafts and fine arts. There are ceramics, bronzes, jewelry, religious items (ossuary, a copy of the Avesta, etc.) and the ethnographic material.
According to the monuments of art, handicraft production’s technology in ancient and medieval times has reached the highest level. Modern masters of Uzbekistan revive the best traditions of heritage, preserving the ancient recipes and technological methods.
The museum consists of four floors. First floor – administration, there are cimema and conference hall for 50 persons. It has become a tradition to hold here conferences and seminars.
Further, for audience view appears the introductory hall which has the art galleries on both sides with wide range of subjects and that is volatile. Nowadays it continues the exhibition’s work of: “The world of dolls and toys”, which has opened on June 1 – the International Children’s Day. National costumes and dresses dolls reflect the character and culture of each nation represented in this exhibition. The oldest doll is the Kachan Palvon created in the XIX century. And on the left side of the introductory hall is planned to open a children’s museum for Independence Day, where children will be able to personally take part in the various excavations, modeling and artifacts which are made of clay.
On the upper floors of the museum the exhibits introduce the story from ancient times, the occurrence of the first settlements on the territory of Uzbekistan, of the Stone Age and ending pages of modern history. According to the exhibits can be noticed that the primitive people in Uzbekistan have appeared 1.5 million years ago. While working on the excavation of ancient monuments, archaeologists uncovered more than 90 caves, the most famous of them is the Selengur’s cave; discovered by our scientists in 1985, the cave in Teshiktash, where they found the remains of Neanderthal boy 8-9 years of the Middle Paleolithic period – 100 – 40,000 BC, and much more.
Different tools, utensils, copper mirrors, cosmetics and jewelry, coins, and other authentic historical objects are material evidence of human habitation of origin in the territory of ancient Uzbekistan.
A special place in the museum is a world famous stone sculpture of Buddha with two monks, called “Triad”, found in 1969 in the town of Fayaztepa. This majestic and one of the unique items, come down to us from immemorial time.
Much interest of items related to the Timurid era. They illustrate the extraordinary flowering of medieval civilization, science, poetry, architecture, crafts, portrait miniatures and culture. This period demonstrates the bright, colorful mural, which made by the artist Uzbek Alisher Alimkulova in 2003.
The Hall on the third floor presents the history of the three khanates formation. And next we are climbing even higher on the fourth floor. Its exhibits tell us about the new pages of history of Uzbekistan, covering the period of XIX-XX centuries, which completes the exhibition present-day Uzbekistan.
Various authentic magazines, newspapers of jadids, the first theatrical posters, scientific and popular books, written records, negatives, photographs, postcards, posters – all priceless documents from the museum’s archives.
Museum together with uzbek people proud of outstanding personalities and champions of our country. Here are kept well-deserved medal champions in freestyle wrestling, kurash, tennis.
Also in the list of outstanding service record includes Uzbek climbers who have on 22 May 1998 managed to conquer the “roof of the world” – the summit of Everest with height of 8848 meters, where established the national flag of Uzbekistan.
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