The museum has about 400 thousand units out of which about 300 000 are insects; 11000 herbarium sheets and the rest are zoological (vertebrates) and geological materials renown not only to Uzbek scientists but in many scientific centers of the world community as well.
State Museum of Nature of Uzbekistan was the first in the country to developed and implement in its expositions an advanced landscape method of exposure which gives a visual representation of the relationship of natural phenomena.
The museum is divided into four departments: – Department of fauna and flora; – Department of Geology and Geography; – Scientific and Educational Department; – Stock Department.
Among the exhibits the birds of prey attracted special attention frozen in flight with wings spread some of them hold their victims in their clutches. Of greatest interest are the fossils of mammoths and also camp layout of prehistoric man. A thick-walled glass containers filled with formalin you can see the embryos of mammals including humans. mutant animals are surprising and pathetic e. g. two-headed calf and a lamb, one-eyed lamb. And how many insects, butterflies, birds, animals – from gopher to markhor (capra falconeri), foxes, jackals, wolves, jungle cat and many others.
Among them endangered animals and birds such as: Houbara Bustard, the falcon – Balaban and others whose number is rapidly declining in wildlife.
Museum of Nature was the first to apply the method of exposing landscape plans of the nature whis is of a great scientific and practical value. Their creation is a long and time-consuming work that requires the professionals to convey relief, flora and fauna of a particular area in details. In the development of landscape plans modern technologies and materials are used that further significantly facilitate their transfer.
The exposions devoted to rich mineral resources, flora and fauna of Uzbekistan, karakul breeding, sandy terrain Kyzyl-Kum desert and its wildlife are amazing. Artistically made diorama of an oasis, agricultural fields and cotton field is realistic.
In addition to various natural areas the landscape plans of the museum depict the history of the planet’s geological changes and the development of life on Earth. Thanks to them visitors can see for example, the structure of the solar system, fight of dinosaurs and the scene of hunting of the primitive men on the mammoth.
The main value of the museum undoubtedly is its entomological collection which is considered one of the largest not only in Uzbekistan, but also in all of Central Asia. It has been created with the founding of the museum, and today it has about 300 thousand specimens of insects. Each piece of this collection is supplied with information about where, when and by whom the insect was found.
The collection includes artifacts that no one has seen in vivo, excepting scientists and even those who can simply not be seen with the naked eye. But many species of insects no longer exist in nature.
The museum conducts also great scientific and educational work such as lectures, itinerant exhibitions in many cultural centers, cinema halls, parks, culture and recreationparks, middle and high schools, lyceums and at the communities, preventorium. There is a mobile museum which serves the rural population of Uzbekistan.
In 2010 the museum moved to a new building located at the Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbekistan. Today there transported the entire museum fund, inventory is well underway, the work on the exposition is in full swing: exhibits are being restored and updated , building os new installations and dioramas is under way. Phased opening of the museum’s halls has been planned. 2 rooms has currently opened on the ground floor, from October 2010 a new hall opened on the second floor.
Location: 1, Niyazov st., Tashkent, Almazar district, Uzbekistan
Landmark: Turin Polytechnic University
Tel: (+998 71) 246 95 31
Open hours: 10.00 – 17.00