April 2, 2002, Termez celebrated its 2500th anniversary.
This is one of the oldest cities in the world that existed in the middle of I millennium BC on the bank of Oks (Amudarya) river.
According to the descriptions of Hofizi Abruj, the name of the city comes from the word “Taramashta” (“place on the other bank”). In different eras, the city was called Darmit, Antioch, Demetrias, Tarmith, Tarmid, Tarmiz, Tami, Tamo and only from the 10th century did it acquire its modern name.
The city was subjected to captures of the conquerors more than once – died and rose again from the ashes.
The period of the greatest prosperity of the city is considered the period of the Kushan reign (105-250 AD). The Kushan era left a significant mark in the history of world culture. At that time, Termez was considered one of the largest centers of Buddhism, hence the religion spread to the expanses of China, the Far East, Korea and Japan.
On the territory of Old Termez, many Buddhist monuments have been preserved – the Zurmala stupa, the Karatepa temple complex, the Fayaztepa monastery and others.
According to the surviving fragments of the works of fine and applied art of the ancient and medieval Termez, the city can be safely called the historical center of artistic culture of the entire Central Asian region. Found in Dalverzintepa, ivory chess pieces, dating from the 2nd century BC, are the oldest in the world.
At different times, Termez was a member of the Ghaznavid, Karakhanid, Karakhitayev, Salzhukid and Khorezmshah states.
In the early Middle Ages, Termez was a separate domain, which included the city of Termez and its adjacent territories.
In pre-Islamic times, the kings of Termez wore the title “Termessa”, the last of which reigned in the second half of VII century.
Between the 10th and 12th centuries, Termez was a prosperous, large center of handicraft and trade of Tokharistan. The city was known for its huge bazaar and fortress on the bank of Zhaikhun (Amudarya). By this time, the area of the city exceeds 500 hectares.
In 1220 Termez was destroyed by the Mongol invasion.
In the 15th century, Termez was again restored on the coastal part of the Surkhandarya River.
After Amir Temur seized power over Maverannahr in 1370, Termez became part of the state of Temurids and became a large city with its mint.
In 1504-1505 the city was taken by the dynasty of Sheibanids.
By the second half of the 18th century, the city was completely destroyed due to internecine wars. Only the nearby villages of Pattakesar and Solihobod remained.
At the end of the XIX century Termez was occupied by the troops of the Russian Empire.
In the 90s of the XIX century, the military of the royal army built a fortification “Termez Tract”, on the basis of which a modern city was built.
Modern Termez is a city with a developed infrastructure.
Geography and Climate
Termez, the administrative center of the Surkhandarya region, is located on the right bank of the Amudarya River, 490 km south-west of Tashkent. This is the southernmost city of Uzbekistan.
The climate is continental, summer is hot, the thermometer reaches +45 ° C. The winters here are quite mild – with rare negative temperatures and precipitation.
The most comfortable time to stay in the city is spring and autumn.
Note: If you are planning to travel in the summer, be sure to take a hat or an umbrella, sunglasses, light cotton clothing, and sunscreen. When leaving the hotel, do not forget to take water with you.
The population of the city is about 150 thousand people. The bulk of the population are Uzbeks, also live Russian, Tatars, Turkmen and Tajiks.
The Termez International Airport is located 6 km from the city, from where regular flights to Tashkent, Moscow and charter flights to Europe and Asia are operated.
From Termez railway station, trains run both to the capital of Uzbekistan and to Moscow. The train journey to Tashkent is about 14 hours.
Directly in Termez, you can use the services of urban and private transport.
Getting around the city by taxi costs from 1000 to 3000 soums per person.
WHERE TO GO, WHAT TO EAT, WHAT TO SEE:
The city and its surroundings is a storehouse of historical and architectural landmarks. Here are preserved monuments of ancient civilizations of various religious cultures – Islamic, Buddhist and ancient Bactrian.
Ecotourism fans can make a trip to the Aral-Paygambar reserve, which is included in the list of natural monuments of UNESCO.
In addition to architectural sights, you can visit the real oriental bazaar, go cycling and horseback riding, as well as go boating and catamaran on the Amu Darya River.
- Sultan Sadat Complex
- Ayrtam Excavation
- Dalverzintepa Excavation
- Kampyrtepa Excavation
- Jarkurgan Minaret
- Kara Kamar
- Hakim at Termizi Memorial Complex
- 1000 year Chinara tree in Sayrab
- Zurmala Buddist mortar
- Kirk Kyz Fortress
- Imam at Termizi Complex
- Hanaka Kokildor ota
- Fayaztepa Buddist Complex
- Teshik Tash Cave in the mountains of Baysun
- Jarkutan Excavation
- Bolaliktepa Excavation