One of the most prominent specialists in hadith in the entire Muslim world, Imam al-Bukhari was born in Bukhara on July 21, 810, and died in the village of Hartang ( present- day Payariq district of Samarkand regio), 25 km from Samarkand, where he was buried in 870. Since that time this place has become one of the most revered places of Muslims around the world.
The time to restore historical justice with respect to the glorious heritage of Imam al-Bukhari came when Uzbekistan gained its independence and fairness. The government has paid great attention and respect for specialist in hadith (collector of hadith – sayings, attitudes and requirements of Prophet Muhammad), who is the world-famous and all his life and strength dedicated to knowledge. On 29 April 1997, the Resolution of the government of the Republic of Uzbekistan was adopted “ On celebrating the 1,225th anniversary of the birth of Imam al-Bukhari by Hijra” – the lunar calendar. In November that year the UNESCO General Conference adopts a resolution to participate in 1998 in the celebration of the 1,225th anniversary of the scholar Ismail al – Bukhari.
The majestic memorial at the tomb of Imam al-Bukhari was also built, made in the tradition of ancient architecture in Central Asia.
The total leased area of the monument is 10hectares. The complex is adjacent to the highway Samarkand – Imam al-Bukhari (25km).
Construction of the complex and landscaping activities were led by President Islam Karimov. In the construction of the complex folk artists and craftsmen of Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Tashekent, Andijan, Kokand and Shahrisabz were involved. Based on national architectural traditions (arch, dome, quince and others) the mausoleum, mosque, an administrative building and others were built.
The main facade of the complex administrative building (size 106x12m) faces south. Entrance to the complex is through three large carved gates of the arched building. The main entrance through darvazakhana is erected by big arched avian in national style. In miensaray the dome is erected in diameter of 10.5m. On the front of the entrance portal there are skillfully written texts of the complex construction history in the Arabic and Latin script. At the entrance to large darvazakhana, there are administrative and other rooms on the right. On the main avenue of the entrance of the complex, a modern fountain is built. On the left there is a mosque, the old plane trees and the old havuz. Pathes of the courtyard enclosed with square limestone. In the central axis of the complex there is a mausoleum of Imam al-Bukhari. This structure in the form of a cube is topped with a seventeen- meter dome. The walls are decorated with light green, blue and white glazed tiles, marble, onyx and granite, floors are decorated with girih; in facing there is also widely used ganj. Inside, the dome is decorated with colorful ornaments. The outer dome of the mausoleum as well as the shrine of Temurids in Gur Emir is ribbed. The door on the right side of the mausoleum leads down to dakhma – a place of worship. On the right from the decorated light blue onyx sagan of the top floor there is the tomb of al Bukhari, covered with marble.
At the mikhrab’s niche, the kisva is hung – the cloth of Kaaba, presented by Saudi Arabia’s king Fahd ibn Abdullaziz to president Islam Karimov. The library contains unique samples of the Qur’an manuscripts, various editions, as well as samples of works of Imam al-Bukhari. Next to the Imam al-Bukhari’s complex there is a building of the “International Center Imam al- Bukhari”, created by order of the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov on 23 May 2008. The complex of Imam al – Bukhari is one of the largest and most unique buildings of this type created in our country over the past centuries. This complex, as President Islam Karimov said, is not only a place of holy worship but one of the most beautiful places in Uzbekistan, which will glorify us around the world. It will play a big role in good upbringing of the younger generation; will make everyone to think more deeply about life and eternity.