Andijan region – the smallest in area, but the most densely populated region in Uzbekistan. It is located in the eastern part of the Fergana valley in the east of Uzbekistan.
Оne of the oldest cities of Uzbekistan, Andijan founded in the VI—IV century BC, archaeologists have recently established that the territory of the modern city is inhabited for more than 2500 years.
Ancient Andijan was located at the intersection of the Great silk road trade roads.
In the 6th century BC in the region there was an ancient state of Davan with its capital in the city of Ershi (a suburb of Andijan), there was developed agriculture with artificial irrigation, cattle breeding, including the cultivation of “white horses”, which served as the beginning of a conflict between the state of Davan and the Great Empire of China.
Andijan is the birthplace of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, the last descendant of the Timurids. Later Babur’s grandson Shah Jahan ruled to build the famous Taj Mahal in Agra (India).
Despite the fact that there are not so many preserved architectural and historical monuments, there are almost 380 sites of cultural heritage in Andijan. On the territory of the region there are ancient settlements (for example: Ershi settlement in Adijan surburb) and archaeological complexes which dates from the XII-VII centuries BC.
Andijan today is the largest industrial, scientific-research, educational, tourist-cultural and transport center of the Fergana valley.
In recent years, the economy of the Andijan region is developing mainly due to the automobile industry, in the city of Asaka in the suburbs of Andijan, operates a “General Motors” plant for the production of cars and minibuses, built a number of factories for the production of vehicles.
The capital of region – the city of Andijan
Major cities: Asaka, Khanabad, and Karasu
Total area: 4,303 km2
Population: 2,962 million