Bukhara region

The ancient region is located in the south-west of Uzbekistan in Zarafshan valley. The territory of the region is occupied by the Kyzylkum desert.

The first mention of cities in the Bukhara region appeared in the Chinese travelers chronicle in the II century BC. The first cities appeared on the territory of the region about 2500 years ago, and the first mention of Bukhara was the invasion of the settlement in the 6th century BC by the Persian king Cyrus. After 3 centuries Alexander the Great came here. Then there was an ancient fortress Ark and a lot of caravanserais (hotels), where caravans from India and China stayed.

The Bukhara region is an important center of the Islam and birthplace to many prominent scholars, such as Imam al-Bukhari — the famous preacher, researcher of the hadith and interpreter of the Holy Quran, and Abu Ali Ibn Sina – the great scientist, philosopher and physician.

The region has the largest number of Islamic spiritual and educational institutions in Central Asia: Imam al-Bukhari mausoleum, Miri Arab madrassah, Abdulazizkhan madrassah, Mirzo Ulugbek madrassah, Ismail Samani mausoleum, Poi Kalan complex, etc.

In the Bukhara region there are mausoleums of seven (7 peers) famous scientists of the Naqshbandiyah Sufi spiritual order.

The capital of the region – the city of Bukhara.
Major cities: Gijduvan, Ghazli, Kagan, Romitan, Vabkent
The historic center of Bukhara was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1993.

Abdurauf Fitrat Museum in Bukhara

The memorial museum is dedicated to the activities of one of the founders of the Jadid movement in Bukhara, Abdurauf Fitrat. Abdurauf Fitrat (1886-1937) – Uzbek historian, philologist, translator, writer, playwright and poet, one of the founders of the modern literary Uzbek language and literature, experts on the past of the Uzbek people and their […]
Read more

Bukhara Ark Citadel

The Ark Citadel (IV century BC-XX centuries) is the oldest monument of archeology, history and culture of Bukhara. Until 1920, the citadel was the residence of the rulers of Bukhara. In the Arch are located: the head office of the Bukhara State Architecture and Art Museum-Reserve, the depository and the museum of local lore. Department […]
Read more

Abdullaziz-khan Madrasa in Bukhara

One of the largest buildings of mid-17th century is the madrassah which was raised by Abdullaziz-khan ibn Nadr-Muhammad ibn Jani Beg Khan in 1651, with the clear intention to surpass all his predecessors on the throne in terms of richness architectural decoration. The madrassah of Abdullazizkhan at first glance is similar to the standing in […]
Read more

Romitan History Museum near Bukhara

Romitan is one of the oldest cities in the Bukhara oasis, located 25 km from Bukhara. Archaeological evidence suggests that the settlement on the territory of modern Romitan was founded even before the Arab invasion. The exposition of the local history museum tells about the rich history and culture of the region. Here is the […]
Read more

Kalan Minaret

The Kalan Minaret is the most magnificent building in Bukhara. According to the author on the history of medieval Bukhara Muhammad Narshakhi (in the Kubawi’s interpretation), Kalan was built by the ruler of Bukhara Arslan-khan (early 12th century) at the new mosque of the city. The first attempt to build a minaret on the site […]
Read more

Imam al Buhari Memorial Museum in Bukhara

The museum was opened in 2001 and is located in a modern building designed by the Bukhara architect Z. Klichev. The exposition is devoted to the life and work of the brilliant researcher of the Hadith, the leading figure of the theology of Islam – Imam Muhammad ibn Ismail al Bukhari. The main work of […]
Read more

Ismail Samani Mausoleum

The Ismail Samani Mausoleum is one of the outstanding examples of world architecture. According to written sources, the mausoleum was built in 902-907 as a family tomb of one of the branches of Samanid dynasty (10th century).  The building was constructed by Isma’il Samani over the grave of his father, and later he was buried […]
Read more

Bahouddin Naqshband Memorial Complex

The architectural ensemble of Bahouddin, located kilometers north-east of Bukhara, in the old village Qasr-i Arifan arose from the mazar of this sufi. He had been forming for five hundred years, but it is known very little about its early history.  The first buildings near the Bahauddin mazar appeared, probably soon after the death of […]
Read more

Kalan Masjid mosque in Bukhara

The first Friday Mosque of Bukhara was founded in 713 by the Arab commander Qutaiba ibn Muslim in kuhandiz (Ark/fortress) of Bukhara on the site of a pagan temple in the first quarter of the 12th century. Karakhanidian ruler Arslan –khan, Muhammad ordered to transfer Friday mosque and minaret to the western part of shakhristan. […]
Read more

Khoja Abdalkhalik Al-Gijduvani Complex

The complex is located in Gijduvon (approx. 50 km north –east of Bukhara). It is formed around the tomb of the famous Sufi sheikh, the founder of the independent school of mysticism in the region of Central Asia ‘Abdalkhalik ibn’ Abdaldjalil al-Gijduvani (died in 1180 or 1220). His father was considered an authoritative faqih, bore […]
Read more

Chashma-i Ayyub

Muslim shrine (mazar) is located on the northwestern suburbs of Bukhara.  The complex of buildings built here in the 15th – 16th centuries includes ziyarat-khana (room for the ritual ziyara), chilla-khana (room for forty-day retreats), gur-khana with imaginary Ayyub tomb, a sacred well (chashma, bulak) with fresh water, probably spring by origin.  According to the […]
Read more

Shrine of Sayyid Amir Kulal

The Shrine is located in the village of Suhar (25 kilometers north of Bukhara). It notes the grave of the Sufi school spiritual authority, the famous scientist-mystic Hodjagan Amir Kulal (ca.1281-1370), the six successors in the chain of spiritual succession (silsila) of this school.  He was a disciple of Muhammad baba Sammasi (died in 1354). […]
Read more
1 2