The ancient region is located in the south-west of Uzbekistan in Zarafshan valley. The territory of the region is occupied by the Kyzylkum desert.
The first mention of cities in the Bukhara region appeared in the Chinese travelers chronicle in the II century BC. The first cities appeared on the territory of the region about 2500 years ago, and the first mention of Bukhara was the invasion of the settlement in the 6th century BC by the Persian king Cyrus. After 3 centuries Alexander the Great came here. Then there was an ancient fortress Ark and a lot of caravanserais (hotels), where caravans from India and China stayed.
The Bukhara region is an important center of the Islam and birthplace to many prominent scholars, such as Imam al-Bukhari — the famous preacher, researcher of the hadith and interpreter of the Holy Quran, and Abu Ali Ibn Sina – the great scientist, philosopher and physician.
The region has the largest number of Islamic spiritual and educational institutions in Central Asia: Imam al-Bukhari mausoleum, Miri Arab madrassah, Abdulazizkhan madrassah, Mirzo Ulugbek madrassah, Ismail Samani mausoleum, Poi Kalan complex, etc.
In the Bukhara region there are mausoleums of seven (7 peers) famous scientists of the Naqshbandiyah Sufi spiritual order.
The capital of the region – the city of Bukhara.
Major cities: Gijduvan, Ghazli, Kagan, Romitan, Vabkent
The historic center of Bukhara was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1993.