Ferghana region is located in the southern part of the Ferghana valley, which for the fertility and picturesque nature is called the pearl of Central Asia. Fergana valley is called the inter-mountain basin in the upper reaches of the Sirdarya river and its sources, surrounded by the mountain systems of Pamir-Alai and Tien Shan.
The scientists learned a lot about the culture and life of Ferghana local population from ancient Chinese sources (II century BC). On its territory there are numerous monuments of the past, the ruins of ancient cities, fortresses, castles.
Fergana is a relatively young city founded in 1876. There are no typical for most tourist cities of Uzbekistan historical monuments of architecture, and the main attractions are extremely beautiful landscapes. Fergana can rightly be called the greenest city of the Republic, because all the streets are decorated with ancient trees planted during the founding of the city.
In the cities of Rishtan, Margilan and Kuva, located near Fergana, as well as in Kokand and Andijan, which are part of the Fergana valley, preserved a large number of monuments of ancient architecture.
For example, Margilan is called the city of silk manufactory, Kokand is the city of Khan’s palaces, and Rishtan is famous for its ceramics.
In the ancient city of Kokand, tourists attracts the architectural ensemble Dahmai-Shohon, Khudoyar-Khan’s Palace, Juma-mosque cathedral, madrassahs of Norbutabey, Dasturkanchi, Aminbek, and Medresei-mir, mausoleums of Modari Khan, Dakhma-I-Jakhon, Mukimi and antique craft shops. In Fergana, you can visit an ancient military fortress. In Margilan – Turan mosque, Khanaka mosque, Said Ahmad Haji madrassah, “Yodgorlik” silk factory, where the old traditions of silk weaving are still preserved. In Andijan, the birthplace of the famous medieval poet, author of the epic “Babur-name” Zahiriddin Babur, you can visit the memorial park named in his honor, Juma mosque and Juma madrassah.
The capital of the region – the city of Fergana
Total area – 6 800 km2
Population – 3 564 800 people
Major cities: Fergana, Kokand, Margilan, Kuvasai, Kuva, Rishtan