Kashkadarya region – a unique region of Uzbekistan is located in the southern part of Uzbekistan, in the basin of the Kashkadarya river, on the western slope of the Pamir-Alai mountains.
In the south-east it borders with Surkhandarya region, in the north-west with Bukhara region, in the north with Navoi and Samarkand regions.
Located between the rivers Zarafshan and Amu Darya, this territory in ancient times, according to the annals of Ancient Greece and China, was called southern Sogd and southern Turan.
Kashkadarya — the birthplace of the great Timur, who founded the great Empire of the Timurids and of Spitamen, sogdian commander, who gave a hard rebuff to Alexander the Great in 329 BC.
In 2013, Kashkadarya region was recognized as a promising region of the country for the development of ecotourism and extremal tourism. Interesting places of the region is Achinkul reservoir with unique flora and fauna, astronomic station and observatory in Kitab district. There are two largest reserves of Uzbekistan in Kashkadarya: Hissar national Park and Kitab geological reserve.
The oldest city of Shahrisabz in Kashkadarya region is listed as a UNESCO world cultural heritage site.
In 2006, the city of Karshi also celebrated its 2700th anniversary at the initiative of UNESCO.
The capital of the region – the city of Karshi.
Total area of the region – 28 570 km2.
Population: 3 088 800 people
Major cities: Karshi, Shakhrisabz, Kitab, Dekhkanabad, Kasan