The oldest region of Uzbekistan – Khorezm is located in the western part of Uzbekistan on the left bank of the Amudarya river. It borders the Republic of Karakalpakstan from the north, Turkmenistan from the south, Bukhara region from the south-east. Almost the entire territory of the region is occupied by plains and small hills.
The first mention of Khorezm is found in the Zoroastrians holy book “Avesta”. There are also suggestions that Khorezm, translated from ancient Khorezmian language meant “low-lying ground”, “feeding ground”.
Since the 8th century BC in the modern territory of Khorezm region was formed one of the oldest states in Central Asia, which was founded by the ancient tribes of Khorasm Saki and Massagets. In the 12th century BC it formed the great state in the territory of the Central Asian Khorezmshahs Empire. The state reached its peak in the early 13th century under Ala ad-din Muhammad II. But the rise of the Empire did not last long and it fell from the invasion of the Mongols. The great Tamerlane relieved Khorezm from the Mongols in 1376 and in 1388, after bloody battles, the region finally became part of the Empire of Timur.
Khorezm is the birthplace of the founder of Algebra and Algorithm Mohammed bin Musa al-Khorezmi and Abu Rayhan Beruni, who created a map of the earth in the form of a sphere, poets Zamahshari, Ogahi, as well as other prominent scientists and public figures.
The city of Khiva, which has more than 2500 years of history, is a real open-air Museum. The main attraction of Khiva, the Ichan-Kala fortress. It is here that most of the ancient palaces, minarets and madrassahs are located. There are 255 objects of architectural and cultural heritage in Khorezm region, some of them are under the protection of UNESCO.
The capital of region – the city of Urgench
Total area – 6,3 thousand km2
Population — 1 810 100 people.
Major cities: Urgench, Khiva, and Pitnak.