Khorezm region

The oldest region of Uzbekistan – Khorezm is located in the western part of Uzbekistan on the left bank of the Amudarya river. It borders the Republic of Karakalpakstan from the north, Turkmenistan from the south, Bukhara region from the south-east. Almost the entire territory of the region is occupied by plains and small hills.

The first mention of Khorezm is found in the Zoroastrians holy book “Avesta”. There are also suggestions that Khorezm, translated from ancient Khorezmian language meant “low-lying ground”, “feeding ground”.

Since the 8th century BC in the modern territory of Khorezm region was formed one of the oldest states in Central Asia, which was founded by the ancient tribes of Khorasm Saki and Massagets. In the 12th century BC it formed the great state in the territory of the Central Asian Khorezmshahs Empire. The state reached its peak in the early 13th century under Ala ad-din Muhammad II. But the rise of the Empire did not last long and it fell from the invasion of the Mongols. The great Tamerlane relieved Khorezm from the Mongols in 1376 and in 1388, after bloody battles, the region finally became part of the Empire of Timur.

Khorezm is the birthplace of the founder of Algebra and Algorithm Mohammed bin Musa al-Khorezmi and Abu Rayhan Beruni, who created a map of the earth in the form of a sphere, poets Zamahshari, Ogahi, as well as other prominent scientists and public figures.

The city of Khiva, which has more than 2500 years of history, is a real open-air Museum. The main attraction of Khiva, the Ichan-Kala fortress. It is here that most of the ancient palaces, minarets and madrassahs are located. There are 255 objects of architectural and cultural heritage in Khorezm region, some of them are under the protection of UNESCO.

The capital of region – the city of Urgench
Total area – 6,3 thousand km2
Population — 1 810 100 people.
Major cities: Urgench, Khiva, and Pitnak.

Muhammad Rasul Mirzabashi Madrasa in Khiva

Mohammed Rasul Mirzabashi built his madrasah opposite the end of the karihan, located to the south-west of the mausoleum of Pahlavan Mahmud. The madrasah is built in the usual traditional form, without any special decorations, its low portal is facing with the front facade to the north. Due to its small size and modest appearance, […]
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Yunus-Han Mausoleum

Yunus Khan Mausoleum – the mausoleum in Khiva, located south of the Khoja Marama Madrasa. This is a mausoleum with a double-domed portal and a shrine. Two rooms are covered with cone domes. Yunus Khan was one of the predecessors of the Khorezm Khan dynasty. He was buried in one of the rooms. It is […]
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Palvan Darvaza Gate

One of the busiest places of medieval Khiva was the square near Palvan Darvaz – the eastern gate of the Khiva citadel of Ichan-Kala. Here, in the 17th century, the baths of Anushakhan and the one-story building of the Khojamberdy-biy madrasah were built. The chain of buildings of the ensemble at Palvan Darvaza also make […]
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Khorezm State Puppets Theatre in Khiva

Not far from the historical heart of Khiva – the medieval city behind the massive fortress wall – Ichan-Kala is located the puppet theater, where on any day of the week you can see colorful folklore performances, fascinating national Khorezm dances, various puppet shows. Khorezm State Puppet Theater was established in 1993 in Khiva. Many […]
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Kutlug Murad Inaka Madrasa in Khiva

The palace historian Khudayberdi ibn Koshmuhammed Khivaki, who depicted the events of the past in the historical pages, in his work entitled “Dili Garayib” (“Hearts of the Surprised”), writes, “Hevak was destroyed and rebuilt many times. The deceased father of their majesty (Allahulihan), may their souls rest in paradise, Abulgazi Mohammed Rahimkhan and his younger […]
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Uch Ovliya Bobo Mausoleum

The mausoleum is located near the western walls of Tash Khauli, it was built in memory of the three saints. The huge hall of the mausoleum is covered with a dome with a cell vault. In the mausoleum many burials. The earliest date is 1561, it can be seen on the carved door panel. The […]
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Kalta Minor Minaret

Kalta Minor (Kalminor) is a minaret located on the territory of Ichan-Kala – the inner city of ancient Khiva. Built in 1855. Kalta-Minor minaret (short) was conceived by Muhammad Amin-Khan as the largest in the Muslim East (base diameter – 14.2 m). According to the plan, the height of the minaret was 70-80 meters, and […]
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Ak-Machit (White Mosque) in Khiva

It is difficult to quickly identify residential quarter mosques among the other buildings of Khiva. Because most of the mosques are built exactly like residential buildings, among them the Ak-Machit (A White Mosque) differs by the peculiarity of its layout. Frontal view of the mosque, a shady terassa surrounding it from three sides, three doors […]
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Kazi Kalyan Madrasa in Khiva

The Kazi-Kalyan Madrasa was built in 1905 by the Chief Judge (Kazi-Kalyan) of Khiva, Salim Ahun. The shape of the madrasa and its size are small, and do not differ from other modern madrasas. But the principle of education in this madrasa at one time differed from other religious schools. Here, along with other spiritual […]
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Seid Allauddin Mausoleum

The mausoleum is one of the most ancient architectural monuments of Ichan-Kala. The mausoleum consists of a ziyarakhana (place of worship) and a gurkhana (tomb). For centuries, due to an increase in the number of burials and land layers, the mausoleum remained below ground level. As a result of archaeological excavations, a lot of information […]
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Nurullaboy Palace

Khiva Khans for the period from the XVI to the XX century, having built a fairly large number of palaces, as if they were trying to convey their power and wealth to their descendants and prove what they are capable of in the field of architecture. The Nurullabay Palace, located in the outer city of […]
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Palvan Kari Madrasa and Minaret in Khiva

The madrasah is located at the intersection of Palvan Kari and Kariyeva streets. It was built by the rich Khiva merchant Palvan Kari, one of the trustees of Muhammad Rahim Khan II. He played a significant role in establishing trade relations with Russia, Bukhara and Turkey. Profit from trade Palvan Kari decided to build this […]
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