A madrasa (in Arabic “school”) is a religious school, in which however also scientific subjects and today also English are taught.
The classrooms and student cells are arranged over one or two floors around a central courtyard.
Most madrasas have four halls accessible from the courtyard and an open side to the courtyard. These halls are called “Ivan” (also called “Ayvan”) and are each located in the middle of the four building wings. The classrooms and a mosque are housed in the corner rooms.