Navoi region is located in the central part of Uzbekistan. The north-western part of the region is occupied by the Kyzylkum plateau, in the east Nurata mountain ranges. In the southern part of the region is washed by the river Zarafshan.
The administrative center is the city of Navoi. The city was founded in 1958 and named after the Uzbek poet, scientist and statesman Alisher Navoi.
The youngest region of Uzbekistan has a rich and ancient history. According to archaeological excavations in the region lived the ancient locals belongs to the primitive communal system. This is evidenced by the sites found during the archaeological excavations in the Sarmyshsay gorge,which is located on the southern slopes of the Karatau mountain range, 30–40 km to the north-east of the city of Navoi.
This place is famous for various ancient monuments. The sights include flint quarries, mines, old settlements, burial mounds, crypts and petroglyphs, including monuments of the Middle Ages, early Iron Age, Bronze Age and even Stone Age.
For a long time, the territory of region was the most important trade routes — the Great silk road from China to the Mediterranean, to Europe, as well as the trade route connecting the western and northern countries with India.
One of the famous religious complexes of the region, called Chashma, is located in the city of Nurata. It includes Juma mosque, Nur-Ota Mazar (cemetery), healing spring and well. Great historical value is also built in the 11th century caravanserai Rabat Malik. It was built on the way along the Great silk road, which connected Bukhara with Samarkand.
Mir-Said Bahrom mausoleum, Rabat Malik caravanserai, Sarmishsay gorge, Sardoba Malik, Chashma memorial complex in Nurata, Alexander the Great fortress are the main attractions of the region.
Many of chemical industry enterprises, construction materials industries, small enterprises are successfully operating in the region today. It was here in 2008 that the “Navoi” first free industrial economic zone (FEZ) was created in the country.
The capital of region – the city of Navoi.
Total area — 110 800 km
Population — 913 200 people.
Major cities: Zarafshan, Karmana, Kyzyltepa, Nurata, Uchkuduk