A sovereign democratic republic within Uzbekistan, the Republic of Karakalpakstan is located in the north-west of Uzbekistan.
The region is surrounded by desert: from the south-west adjoins the Karakum desert, in the north-west – the Ustyurt Plateau, and the Kyzylkum desert in the north-east. Karakalpakstan also includes the southern part of the former Aral sea.
According to scientists finds, people in Karakalpakstan lived from ancient times.
In the II—VI centuries AD as a result of the assimilation of the nomadic Turkic and indigenous Saks population, two new ethnic communities appeared – Oguz and Pechenegs, which became the basis of the ethnic formation of the Karakalpak people.
The territory of the region at different times was conquered by various nationalities, at the end of the XIX century the territory of Karakalpakstan was part of the Khiva khanate, and after the establishment of Soviet Union in 1918 — part of the Khorezm Soviet Republic and Turkestan USSR.
Karakalpakstan today is a sovereign Republic within Uzbekistan. A unique country – the place of the infamous Aral sea and the legendary Nukus State Museum named after I. Savitsky, named abroad “the Louvre in the desert”, which contains 50,000 pieces of avant-garde and post-avant-garde period of Russian art.