Samarkand region

Samarkand region is located in the heart of Uzbekistan, in the Zarafshan river basin.

On the territory of the Samarkand region people have lived since ancient times. This fact is evidenced by the sites of primitive settlements: Aman-kutan, Zerabulak, Kuturbulak, where locals lived 100 – 25 thousand years ago.

During the excavations at the ancient settlements were found stone tools of the Neolith and Bronze age. And in the mountains surrounding the Samarkand region, found the so-called petroglyphic “galleries”. Their walls depict animals, hunting and grazing scenes from different times, from the Bronze age to the early Middle ages.

On this ground set their foot the great conquerors such as Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan and Amir Timur, who made Samarkand the capital of the great Empire. During the reign of Ulugbek, grandson of Timur, Samarkand became a scientific and cultural center of the Ancient East.

At the entrance to Samarkand from the north, on the high hills is the ancient settlement Afrosiab (VII-II century BC). It is believed that Afrasiab was an ancient Sogdian capital of Marakanda (Samarkand). The ancient city got its name in honor of king of Turan Afrasiab, one of the legendary heroes of the Persian literature.
History confirms that for several centuries before the beginning of our era Samarkand was one of the largest trade and cultural centers of Central Asia.
Samarkand region now is one of the main economic and cultural regions of the country. In Samarkand region there are more than 1800 objects of cultural heritage.

One of the main attractions in the city of Samarkand – Registan square with three madrassahs, mausoleum of Gur-Emir, complex Shahi-Zinda, Bibi Khanum madrassah — the most attended places in the region. Every year these places are visited by about 1 million 200 thousand tourists.

The historical center of Samarkand in 2001 was included in the UNESCO world heritage list as “Samarkand – crossroads of cultures”.

The capital of region – the city of Samarkand
Total area – 16 800 km2
Population — 3 719 006 people
Major cities: Kattakurgan, Urgut, Juma, Aktash

Tilla-Kari Madrasa in Samarkand

The North side of the Registan square was reconstructed during the 17th century. At the place of the Ulugbek caravansarav “Mirzoii” by order of Jalangtush Bahodur the construction was erected to combine a madrassah and a mosque. The construction of the madrassah and mosque took almost fifteen years from 1646 to 1660. Tilla-Kori is not […]
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Sherdor Madrasa in Samarkand

The Registan ensemble in Samarkand was considerably reconstructed in the 17th century by order of Jalangtush Bahadur, a military leader and politician. Sher-Dor Madrasa and the Tilla-Kori mosque were built at the construction place of the 15th century. Sher-Dor Madrasa was constructed  during 1618-1636 on the ruins of Ulugbek’s khanaka which had fallen apart two […]
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Ulughbek Madrasa in Samarkand

Mirzo Ulugbek (1409-1449), AmirTemur’s (1370-1405) grandson, started exlensive construction works in Samarkand, Bukhara, Shahrisabz and Gijduvan. Ulugbek Madrasa in Samarkand was constructed during three years (1417—1420) on the west side of the Registan square. It was one of classic education institutions of the East Inside there is a court yard with 54 cells (hujras), where […]
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Registan Square in Samarkand

Here was reflected the complete multi millennia history of the city. At the time of Amir Temur, Registan turned into a city center of Samarkand. After which, during the time of Mirzo Ulugbek (1409-1449) it got its more prominent status. The Modern ensemble of Registan is made up of Ulugbek Madrasa (1417-1420), Sher-Dor Madrassali (1619-1636) […]
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Amir Temur Mosque and the Mausoleum of Bibi-Khanym in Samarkand

It is known under a name of the legendary wife of Amir Temur: Bibi-khanym (Saray-Mulk-khanym). There is a legend that she constructed this building as na expression of love to her husband. Actually it was built as the main mosque by order of Amir Temur after Ms Indian campaign. The construction of the building began […]
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Ulugbek Observatory

Ulugbek observatory is one of the unique examples of architecture of the XV century in Samarkand, this is the ancient astronomical observational construction. By order of Ulugbek, it was built in 1428-1429 on a hill Kuhak (Chupanota) in the form of a huge cylinder. As stated in the “Baburname” the structure was built in three […]
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Abu Mansur al-Maturidy Mausoleum

Many pupils went to him, and the Imam al-Maturidy taught them in his home’s garden. His influence in the scientific world of the Muslim East very high. The most famous of his followers was Abul Muin Nasafi(XI cent.) who continuedtaching “moturidiya”. Imam Abu Mansur al-Maturidy died in 944 and was buried in the cemetery Chakardiza […]
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The memorial ensemble Shahi-Zinda

The memorial ensemble Shahi-Zinda is the most esteemed place of pilgrimage in Central Asia. The meaning of the word is “the living king”. This place is connected with the activity of the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad Kusam ibn Abbas who, by local legend, spread Islam during late 7th century together with the first Arabian […]
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The Imam Al-Bukhari Memorial Complex

One of the most prominent specialists in hadith in the entire Muslim world, Imam al-Bukhari was born in Bukhara on July 21, 810, and died in the village of Hartang ( present- day Payariq district of Samarkand regio), 25 km from Samarkand, where he was buried in 870. Since that time this place has become […]
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Gur-Emir Mausoleum

The Gur-Emir mausoleum is considered a model architecture of Central Asia.  The building was laid by the grandson and heir of Amir Temur – Muhammad – Sultan as a madrassah (construction started in 1401). However, Muhammad – Sultan fell ill and died while returning from a campaign to Asia Minor. For this reason, his madrassah […]
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Mountain forest Omonquton

They are creations of both human hands and the mother nature. One of these places is a mountain forest Omonquton that located in the Samarkand region. This heavenly oasis is located at 40 kilometers south-west of the city of Samarkand. Its territory makes more than 2,150 hectares. Particularly noteworthy is a grove of pure pine...
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Zerafshan Natural Reserve

Another reserve was established in 1975 just  in the east of Samarkand in the plain of the Zeravshan river. This is the Zeravshan reserve. The total area of the reserve is 2352 hectares, where the tugai forests of the middle current of the Zeravshan river and the population of the rare Zarafshan pheasant are protected....
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