Surkhandarya region is the southern region of Uzbekistan. In the north, the region is surrounded by the Hissar range, in the west – the Kugitangtau and Baysuntau rocks, in the east of the Babatag ridge, the southern part washed by the Amudarya river.
A “Friendship Bridge” with a railway and a border road which connects Uzbekistan with Afghanistan has been built across the Amudarya river.
The capital of the region is the ancient city of Termez. The city was founded in the 1st Millennium BC and is one of the oldest cities in the world. The name of the city comes from “Taramastha” — which means — “a place on the other side.” The city got its modern name only in the 10th century. At the time, Termez was considered one of the main centers of Buddhism. Not far from the city, archaeologists have found the oldest chess in the world, the figures of which were made of ivory. In participation of UNESCO, the 2500 anniversary of Termez was celebrated at the international level.
The second most important city of the region is Denau, one of the main industrial centers of Uzbekistan. Despite its very young age, the city has many factories. It is in Denau that the experimental station of the Republican Institute of gardening, viticulture and winemaking named after R. R. Schroeder is located.
In Surkhandarya region much attention is paid to mountain and ecological tourism. A number of ancient archaeological and architectural monuments, ruins of ancient Zoroastrian, Nestorian and Buddhist fortresses and settlements, as well as monuments of Islamic architecture have been preserved in Termez and its surroundings. The architectural complex of Hakim at-Termezi, the memorial complex of Sultan Saodat, Khanaka Kyrk-Kyz, the Kara-Tepa Buddhist complex, Fayaztepa Buddhist temple, Jarkurgan minaret, Zurmala Buddhist mortar, Teshik-Tash cave (where in 1938-1939, scientists have discovered the remains of Neanderthal child), Dalverzintepe settlement are the main historical monuments of Surkhandarya region.
The capital of the region – the city of Termez
Total area – 20 800 km2
Population — 2 462 229 people
Major cities – Denau, Sherabad, Baysun, Shurchi