Surhandarya region

Surkhandarya region is the southern region of Uzbekistan. In the north, the region is surrounded by the Hissar range, in the west – the Kugitangtau and Baysuntau rocks, in the east of the Babatag ridge, the southern part washed by the Amudarya river.

A “Friendship Bridge” with a railway and a border road which connects Uzbekistan with Afghanistan has been built across the Amudarya river.

The capital of the region is the ancient city of Termez. The city was founded in the 1st Millennium BC and is one of the oldest cities in the world. The name of the city comes from “Taramastha” — which means — “a place on the other side.” The city got its modern name only in the 10th century. At the time, Termez was considered one of the main centers of Buddhism. Not far from the city, archaeologists have found the oldest chess in the world, the figures of which were made of ivory. In participation of UNESCO, the 2500 anniversary of Termez was celebrated at the international level.

The second most important city of the region is Denau, one of the main industrial centers of Uzbekistan. Despite its very young age, the city has many factories. It is in Denau that the experimental station of the Republican Institute of gardening, viticulture and winemaking named after R. R. Schroeder is located.

In Surkhandarya region much attention is paid to mountain and ecological tourism. A number of ancient archaeological and architectural monuments, ruins of ancient Zoroastrian, Nestorian and Buddhist fortresses and settlements, as well as monuments of Islamic architecture have been preserved in Termez and its surroundings. The architectural complex of Hakim at-Termezi, the memorial complex of Sultan Saodat, Khanaka Kyrk-Kyz, the Kara-Tepa Buddhist complex, Fayaztepa Buddhist temple, Jarkurgan minaret, Zurmala Buddhist mortar, Teshik-Tash cave (where in 1938-1939, scientists have discovered the remains of Neanderthal child), Dalverzintepe settlement are the main historical monuments of Surkhandarya region.

The capital of the region – the city of Termez
Total area – 20 800 km2
Population — 2 462 229 people
Major cities – Denau, Sherabad, Baysun, Shurchi

Jarkutan Excavation

In Surkhandarya region, not far from modern Sherabad, there are the ruins of the ancient city of Jarkutan, the center of one of the oases of the civilization of Northern Bactria. As archaeological studies have shown, the site appeared about 3,500 years ago, it occupied an area of ​​100 hectares and was densely populated by […]
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Teshik-Tash Cave

In the mountains of Baysun, not far from the marble rocks – on the Sary-Shoto pass, there is an amazing miracle of nature – a stately stone with a big hole “Teshik-tash”. The stone is located at an altitude of 1550 m above sea level. From here one can see the wide Karshi steppe and […]
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Imam Termezi Complex

In the vicinity of the city of Sherabad, Surkhandarya region – on the territory of the rural cemetery is the Imam Termezi complex. Long since this place was revered among Muslims. The monument dates back to the XI-XII centuries and is associated with the name of the Hadistic scholar and jurist Abu iso Muhammad Termezi […]
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Surkhan State Mountain Forest Reserve

In the north to Termez, on the Kugitang range slopes  Surkhan nature reserve is located. It was created in 1987 with the square of 24583 hectares. The reserve’s territory consists of steppe and forest (juniper) plants and the typical vegetation of the subalpine zone. Among the many animals stand out the unique representatives  of Central...
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Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi

Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi, built on the foundation of the monastery (khanaka) of the famous sheikh, along with sided memorial mosque on the west, and decorated with brilliantly executed epigraphy. For example, an epigraphic frieze separates the dome from the wall. After the repair and restoration work of the main mausoleum made in the third […]
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Sultan Sadat

Start of construction specialists referred to 10th -11th centuries. Group of monuments formed an elongated courtyard. In the complex there is included a mosque of avian type, which has a portal structure with an arched passageway near-gate structure (darvaza-khana), 16 mausoleums built in the 14th, some in the 16th and 17th centuries, abode (khanaka) and […]
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Tashkent Polytechnic Museum

The Tashkent Polytechnic Museum, created at the initiative of JSC UzAvtosanoat, has opened its doors to visitors since November 2015. The museum is located on two floors. On the ground floor, you can learn about the history of the global automotive industry and the development of the domestic automotive industry. Here are the expositions of […]
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Mastering the Citadel which had multimeter layers starting from the Hellenistic era had been started at the end of the IV century BC. Building of “the lower city” under a unified plan at the beginning of the I century AD and lasted until the reign of the Kushan king Kanishka I (the first third of...
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Surkhandarya Museum of Local History in Termez

The Surkhandarya Regional Museum of Local Lore was founded in 1934. The museum has a library, which presents over 14,000 works in the following sections: the history of Termez scholars, the history of ancient times and the study of ancient coins, oral folk art, ethnography, folk arts and crafts, nature of the region, sports, and […]
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Termez Archaeological Museum

Today, the museum has over 76 thousand exhibits, more than 5 thousand of which are on display in the showrooms. Among the exhibits of 1000 unique museum relics of world importance. The museum has a scientific library with a modern reading room, numbering over 17 thousand volumes of the most valuable books on archeology and […]
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Excavation of Bolaliktepa

The excavation of Bolaliktepa dates back to 5-6 centuries and is located 30 km north of Termez. It received its name due to the fact that it consists of high and low elevations. A suspension bridge led to the entrance to the brick fortress, and in each room, there were special openings for archers. Later, […]
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Jarkurgan Minaret

The monument, featuring a simple composition, is built of brick, has a corrugated shape. Next to the minaret, there once was the mosque now destroyed. Construction techniques of the architectural forms monument are the characteristics of the Seljuk era (12th century). On the minarets, decoration and inscriptions are preserved. Inscriptions on the ring zone occupy […]
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