Modern trends of the international wine market are a solid support for the further development of the wine industry in Uzbekistan, located in the heart of Central Asia, which has a long history of winemaking, as well as having a developed wine school and regions with favorable natural conditions for growing grapes.
Winemaking and viticulture in Uzbekistan has a long and distant history and goes back to many centuries ago. Uzbekistan is an amazing land, one of the most ancient and brilliant centers of viticulture and winemaking culture.
Deep archeological studies of recent years show that grapes in Central Asia were introduced into culture about 6 thousand years ago, and that already at that time there was a sufficiently high technique of winemaking.
High cultural background and prosperity of artificially irrigated agriculture, including viticulture, were based in Central Asia on the experience of the ancient states- Bactria, Khorezm and Sogdiana, founded in the Persian civilization.
After the famous campaigns of Alexander the Great in 327-329 B.C. in Persia (Iran), and the conquest of Central Asia, the religious and moral-ethnic concepts of the Greco-Bactrian culture developed quite favorably there. This led to a new surge of local viticulture and winemaking – due to the great importance that wine had had in everyday life and festivals of the ancient Greeks.
In the 2nd century B.C., the Chinese envoy, who visited many parts of Central Asia, confirms that in Fergana and all countries located to the west of it, the local population makes wine from grapes: “They love their wine just as their horses like Alfalfa. ” Residents skillfully and in large spaces plant grapes (the rich – in large quantities), and withstand it without damage for several decades.
Medieval Venetian traveler Marco Polo, who passed through all of Central Asia, wrote in his diary:
“Samarkand, Bukhara and other magnificent cities are places, decorated with gardens and vineyards. I had to drink wine from the local population. This fault was more than a dozen years old, and it amazed with its excellent quality. I have never had such a drink before. “
The greatest creative growth in the revival of modern winemaking was caused by the arrival in 1927 of a world famous wine scientist, Professor M.A. Khovrenko.
He designed the technical methods for producing such vintage wines as “Gulyakandoz”, “Shirin”, “Liquor Kaberne”, “Aleatiko”, “Uzbekistan” and “Farkhod” that were first produced in the Samarkand Winery after M.A. Khovrenko, which works till nowadays.
These days, the following kinds of grapes are being used in the Winery: “Bayan-Shirey”, “Rkatsiteli”, “Riesling”, “Saperavi”, “Morastel”, “Muscat”, “Aleatiko” and “Cabernet”. Such varieties as “Pinot black”, “May black”, “Asyl-kara”, “Khindogny”, “Mtsvani”, “Kuldjinski”, “Soyaki”, “Bakhtiori” and “Bishty” are under evaluation for future production.
In the fall of 2018 in Uzbekistan for the first time passed the International festival “Art of wine”. The event was a powerful stand for the promotion of Uzbek wine, improving the wine culture of Uzbekistan and the development of the wine industry in the country.