Uzbek national outfits from the Khan-atlas, like the colorful mountains of Uzbekistan. Neither the first nor the second cannot fascinate with its diversity and brightness. Iridescent silk fabric has become a cultural heritage and an integral part of Uzbek traditions. We can't imagine Uzbek national clothes without a khan-atlas.
Previously, only rich people could afford clothes made of such fabric, known as “royal fabric”. But today every girl can afford an outfit from the khan-atlas and she wears it proudly and to a big celebration or a walk in the fresh air.
Since ancient times, the route of the Great Silk Road passed through the territory of Uzbekistan. Silk products were brought from China. Gradually, local residents learned how to produce silk, as well as to make silk fabrics. There are families in which the skill of weaving and the technique of dyeing fabrics from the older generation to the younger have been transmitted over the centuries. So, the secrets of making traditional national fabric are kept.
Gradually, the khan-atlas began to win the hearts of people in European countries. In the industrial era, such a fabric began to be produced in a factory way, but the main work in the factory remains manual.
The most famous silk and khan-atlas factory is Yodgorlik, and it is located in the small town of Margilan in the Ferghana Region. This city has become a real center of silk fabrics of the highest quality. Here silk production is put on stream. The atlas meter is created 2.5 months, by 22 technological operations and 70% by manual labor. For example, if one meter of fabric has four types of paint, it means that four times this work goes to the dyeing workshop and is manually wound and unwound back manually.
The magic of oriental fabrics is created by the special master. He grinds the pattern on silk threads and the finer is pattern, the more complicated and skillful is his work. When a picture is drawn, the place of paints is determined. For centuries, they tried to produce the Atlas so that it was seven-color, that is, all the colors of the rainbow. There are three, and four, and five colors. Now it depends on fashion and demand for a particular color. As a rule, in the manufacture of the atlas, natural dyes are used: pomegranate peels, madder, extracts from the roots of fruits and leaves of plants, onion husks, etc.
Khan-atlas began to be used by eminent designers and fashion designers from around the world. So, Giorgio Armani, Gucci, Oscar de la Renta added khan-atlas motifs to their collections, which gives each along with an element of luxury from the Middle East.
If you are lucky enough to visit Uzbekistan, do not deny yourself the pleasure of enjoying products from the khan-atlas. At Uzbek bazaars and shops, a wide range of branded national clothes is presented, wearing which every woman will feel part of an oriental fairy tale!