Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, and Amir Timur are the names of outstanding conquerors and generals who left an undeniable mark on the history of the region. During the reign of the Timurids, Samarkand became the center of science and culture of the entire Ancient East.
The territory of the region is very diverse: in the South – highlands, and in the North – steppes. On the flat terrain there is a steppe, popularly called the Hungry steppe.
Approaching Samarkand from the north, you can see how the ancient settlement of Afrasiab (VII-II centuries BC), which was once the capital of the Sughd capital-the legendary Marakanda, is located on high hills.
At the entrance to Samarkand from the north, the ancient settlement of Afrasiab (VII-II centuries BC) is located on high hills. It is believed that Afrasiab with the ancient Sogdian capital of Marakanda. The ancient city was named after king Turan Afrasiab, one of the legendary heroes of the poem "Shahnameh" by the great Persian poet Firdousi.
Samarkand region is rich in beautiful monuments of architecture and culture, such as Registan square, Shahi Zinda architectural complex, Gur-Emir mausoleum, Bibi Khanum mosque and many others.
You can visit these places all year round, as there are always interesting holidays and festivals. The climate is quite mild, with stable heat in summer and mostly snowless winters. And in February, the trees are already beginning to bloom.
Samarkand region is located in the heart of Uzbekistan, the center of the region is the city of Samarkand, which is a UNESCO World heritage site.
The modern metropolis
Crossroads of cultures
The Capital of Islamic Culture
The capital of the Turkic world
Homeland of Amir Temur
Desert in the Aral Sea
Termez – the Religious Centre