Muynak – the main city in Karakalpakstan in the territory of Uzbekistan. Situated in 200 km from Nukus, it was located on the shore of the former Aral Sea.
Muynak was a rich port island in the Amu Darya river — the main sea gate of Uzbekistan. Ships came in with a cargo of fuel, fish and food, and left with bales of cotton. In the second half of the XX century, the Aral Sea began to disappear, the Soviet government decided in the 1960s to divert the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers so that they could irrigate the desert region surrounding the Sea in order to favor agriculture, and today the once huge lake and the former port town are separated by about 100 kilometers.
All that remains of the fishing fleet of the city is a Ship Graveyard – at the bottom of the former sea at the border of the city, becoming an object of interest of photographers and filmmakers. Today Muynak has the status of a city-museum and is a silent reproach for all mankind, evidence of an ecological catastrophe.
It is interesting that even after the Aral tragedy in the region, nature seems to help people – a couple of kilometers from the city formed a freshwater lake, which solved the problem for the local population with drinking water.