Since 1966, July 20, has been celebrated as "World Chess Day". This day is celebrated as a holiday - the day of the foundation of FIDE. The holiday is widely celebrated by FIDE member federations, that is, 178 countries. It is included in the list of holidays traditionally celebrated by UNESCO. On this day, various chess competitions are held in FIDE countries, including rapid, blitz and standard competitions, sessions and other competitions.
The International Chess Federation (FIDE) is an organization that unites national chess federations. The main goal of the federation is to popularize chess sports, organize sports competitions of various levels and world championships. FIDE has its own symbol and flag. The motto is "We are all one family" (Latin Gens una sumus). FIDE is headquartered in Athens, Greece. Official member of UNESCO since 1980. FIDE includes members of various international federations, including the International Association of the Blind, the International Federation of Letter Chess, the International Chess Press Association, the FIDE Standing Committee on International Chess Compositions and others.
FIDE has introduced international chess rules, and based on these rules, the international categories of athletes and judges will be updated. At the beginning of each month, FIDE updates the ratings of chess players and provides them through the official website. Official FIDE website: www.fide.com . In Uzbekistan, this chess holiday is celebrated at a high level every year. This year, the holiday will also be celebrated in high spirits, and below are facts from the history of chess in Uzbekistan:
✔️ During archaeological excavations in Dalvarzintepa (Surkhandarya) in 1972, chess pieces of the Kushan period (I-II centuries) were discovered, and in 1977, during a study in Afrosiab (Samarkand), 7 chess pieces of the VII-VIII centuries were discovered. found.
✔️ The 9th-century Arab scholar and chess player al-Adli writes that the peoples of Central Asia played an important role in the abolition of the march (chessboard) and the development of this game, which limited the human mind in chess.
✔️"India" by Abu Rayhan Beruni, "Matlay sadain wa majmai bahrain" by Abdurazzak Samarqandi, "Majlis un nafois" by Alisher Navoi, "Lison uttair", "Boburnoma" by Zakhiriddin Muhammad Babur and other historical works contain valuable information about chess.
✔️ Ali ash Shatranji (Aloviddin at-Tabrizi) from Tabriz won the competition in Samarkand. He wrote a book about chess, which included his own and many great masters who lived in Central Asia until the 14th century. At one time, he happened to play with Amir Timur himself.
✔️During the reign of Amir Temur, strong chess players gathered in Samarkand and competed with each other.
✔The widespread promotion of modern chess rules in Uzbekistan since the 1920s has given impetus to the development of this sport. Chess clubs are open in Tashkent, Samarkand, Kokand and other cities.
✔In 1930, the championships of Uzbekistan among men were held, and in 1935 - the championships of Uzbekistan among women (the championship was won by Alexander Grushevsky and Larisa Pinchuk).
✔ Chess composers such as Isaac Birbrager and Efim Rukslis have won various competitions. Georgy Borisenko was awarded the title of international grandmaster in distance chess. Georgy Agzamov became the first international grandmaster from Uzbekistan (1984).
✔In the 90s of the twentieth century, chess in Uzbekistan began to develop. The men's team took second place at the World Chess Olympiad (1992) and won the Asian Championship (1999).
✔ Ibragim Khamrokulov won the World Junior Championship (1998). Rustam Kasymjanov became the first Asian champion (1998) and the 17th world champion (2004).