In Surkhandarya region in the village of Vakhshivar is the mausoleum of the Eastern philosopher and statesman Khoja Mavlonoi Zahid.
Mavlonoi Zahid lived and led the academic activity in the second half of the XVIIth and first half of the XVIII century on the territory of Surkhandarya region, in a small village Vakhshivar current Altynsay district. The lineage of the great sheikh and scholar goes back to Mirzo Ulugbek's contemporary, the famous mudarris and scholar Khoja Muhammad Balkhi.
During the reign of Mirzo Ulugbek, Khoja Muhammad Balkhi served in one of the madrasas of Samarkand and was a scholar in the field of philosophy and literature. Fearing further persecution, the venerable teacher left Samarkand, like other scholars, after the murder of Ulugbek by his son Abdullatif. He settled with his family and close relatives in the village Vakhshivar, on the slopes of the picturesque mountains. His son was Khoja Muhammad Ibrahim, a son Khoja Muhammad Ibrahim Khoja Mavlonoi Zahid.
Little information has been preserved about the life and work of Khoja Mawlanoi Zahid, but it is known that he was a man with deep knowledge, a broad outlook and thinking. Also Khoja Mavlonoi Zahid had the gift of prophecy. It is said that the day before he foresaw the visit of the Sufi Oloyer, who in 1710 moved to the wild steppe, and Khoja Mavlonoi Zahid reached the village of Tokhtamysh and met him. Despite the fact that he was older in age and had an academic degree, Khoja Mawlonoi Zahid bowed before him and let him go to the Great Vakhshivar. Khoja Mavlonoi Zahid wrote many scientific papers, but up until now remained only one – “Tajvidi Turki”. This work reflects the rules of reading the Holy Qur'an, the ways of reading in Turkic, pronunciation and spelling. Here are the rules for the pronunciation of the 29 letters of the Arabic alphabet.
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